Facts about Africa

South Africa, Landscape, Scenic, Sky

Africa is largely considered by scientists to be the place for origin of all of mankind. The continent is vast – rich in diverse customs and culture, traditions, history, climates and topography.

Here’s a list of ten interesting facts about the continent of Africa.

The largest waterfall in the world is the Victoria Falls. It’s the largest curtain of falling water though it’s not the highest nor the broadest.

Africa is home to the largest hot desert in the world. The Sahara desert stretches over most of northern Africa from Egypt and Sudan in the east to Mauritania and the Atlantic Ocean in the west. It’s 9.4million sq km (3.6million sq miles).

There are about 2000 different languages spoken in Africa, including some originating from Europe and Asia.

Africa is the second largest continent on the planet. The complete area that the continent covers is 30.22 million sq kilometers

Madagascar, in the Indian Ocean, is the biggest island in Africa and the fourth largest island on earth. Africa has islands in the Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.

Africa is the most multilingual continent on the planet. A lot of people in Africa speak different African languages, some including Asian and European languages.

Ice hockey is played in South Africa, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Cote d’Ivoire and Kenya. The first African Nations Cup has been held in 2009 in South Africa with three participating countries – South Africa, Morocco and Algeria.

The longest river in the world is the Nile. It is 6853 km (4258 miles) long. Because of blocking of the river with a chain of volcanoes in East Africa, the Nile dropped some headwaters and otherwise would be 1400 kilometers (800 miles) more than it is now.

Africa has 54 autonomous recognised states. The newest of these independent countries is South Sudan.

There’s so much more to learn about Africa, which is home to deserts, grasslands, thick tropical forests, steppe climates, humid subtropical and Mediterranean climates. The continent is surrounded by the Indian and Atlantic Oceans in the east and west, and the Mediterranean Sea in the north. Precious metals and minerals found in Africa include gold, copper, iron and steel, platinum, uranium, diamonds and other precious stones.

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